A sump pump is one of your home’s best defenses against flooding. These devices pump out water that has accumulated in the sump basin, which is commonly found in basements, saving you thousands of dollars in flood damage. When choosing a sump pump for your home or property, keep in mind the following information:
1. Understanding the Different Types of Sump Pumps
There are two primary types of sump pumps: Submersible and Column (Pedestal). Submersible sump pumps require a larger sump pit and, because they are below water, the motor will be cooled off faster and the noise level is reduced when the pump is operating. Pedestal sump pumps are useful when the sump pit is narrow or shallow. They typically last longer because the motor is mounted above the sump. In addition, they consume less power. The only trade-off is that it pumps less water during a flood.
2. Choosing Between Sump Pump Switch Types
You have three main options: tethered, vertical and electronic float switches. A tethered switch is good for deeper sump pits with a large diameter. This switch extends the period of time between pump cycles, allowing the motor to cool off more efficiently. Vertical switches are better for narrow and shallow sump pits and will kick off the pump more often. Electronic switches are more compact and require a small sump pit. However, don’t use an electronic switch if the pump receives water from a wash sink or your laundry machine, to prevent soap scum from making contact with the switch.
3. How much horsepower should my sump pump have?
More horsepower means that the water is pumped faster, but it also means more power consumption. If you have frequent water problems and your sump pit fills rapidly, choose a sump pump with more horsepower. Also, consider increasing the size of your sump pit to prevent the pump from running too frequently.
4. What material should my sump pump be made of: cast iron or thermoplastic?
Cast iron sump pumps are generally stronger than thermoplastic, but both are designed for long life. Besides the stronger material, the advantage of cast iron pumps is that they distribute heat from the motor better, maximizing the cooling ability of the sump pump. Plastic sump pumps, on the other hand, are less expensive.
5. Do I need a check valve?
A check valve is a good addition to your sump pump system. It prevents water in the discharge pipe to fall back into the sump pit, which would be re-pumped if weren’t for the check valve. Consider purchasing a check valve to save on electricity and prolong the life of your sump pump.
6. Do I need a battery-operated backup pump?
In addition to your main sump pump, you can install a backup pump that uses batteries to make sure water is pumped out during a power outage or when the main pump malfunctions. If you live in a flood prone area, a backup pump adds extra flooding protection to your basement or crawl space.
In order to ensure your sump pump works properly throughout the year, test and maintain it periodically. Learn how to test a sump pump here. For professional fire, water, and mold restoration services, contact your local PuroClean office.