Mold-sensitive individuals may exhibit allergy symptoms, such as sneezing, runny or stuffy nose, coughing, itchy eyes, wheezing and skin irritation. Moreover, mold can trigger asthmatic symptoms that include coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath and chest tightness. Mold exposure can also cause irritant reactions, in which case the symptoms are similar to those of an allergic reaction: coughing, runny nose, eye irritation and more.
Mold allergies are the most common effects of mold on sensitive people. Both the mold itself and mold spores may lead to allergic reactions. The symptoms of an allergic reaction to mold include:
- Itchy eyes, nose and throat
- Watery eyes
- Redness of the eyes
- Runny or stuffy nose
- Cough and postnasal drip
- Rashes or skin irritation
Furthermore, mold or mold spores can cause asthma attacks to those who suffer from asthma. The signs and symptoms of a mold-induced asthma attack include:
- Shortness of breath
- Chest tightness
People exposed to mold can also show symptoms of an irritant reaction:
- Skin irritation
- Eye irritation
- Runny nose
You can be affected by mold even if you’re not allergic to mold. Various health problems can result from mold exposure, such as skin infections, flu-like diseases and pneumonia. In the worst cases, mold exposure can severely affect people with chronic lung illnesses, such as obstructive lung disease.
It’s very difficult to predict how severe the health risks associated with mold in a home can be. The degree of severity of the potential health problems differs from person to person. The length of the exposure to mold and the type of mold are also important factors in determining the health risks.